The second group of the Yoga-Upanishads mainly deals with the significance of using and meditating on sound, which is typical of Tantra. They are the Hamsa-, Brahma-Vidya-, Mahavakya- and Pashupata-brahma Upanishads. Two yoga techniques – dhyana meditation and pranayama – were both signified by Tantric mantra discourse. It was claimed that through silent chanting of the om mantra, the soul would be released from the body. We could call this practice for mantra-yoga’ or nada (sound) yoga’. The texts do not add much to the technical yoga understanding of the nada-yoga we already encountered in the Yoga Sutra and the upasana practices of the Brahmins.
Neither does the third group, which mainly deals with light – a phenomenon of strong visual experiences often described in yoga. Here we find the Advaya-taraka- and Mandala-ha-Upanishads both dwelling on almost psychedelic inner light-space experiences typical of Tantra. In the first text Taraka (deliverer) yoga is described using Tantric signs (like sushuma, mudra, Kundalini) in usual Tantric esoteric metaphors – all enveloped in Vedanta philosophy. The second text delineated an eight-limb yoga, which however defined the limbs quite differently to Patanjali.
The rest of the late Yoga-Upanishads are strongly influenced by hatha-yoga discourse and will be investigated an another chapter .
Yoga poses with partner Photo Gallery
Roll the ball back. Do this 5 times. 35 Yoga poses with partner INTERMEDIATE Extended Forward Roll BENEFITS: This Pilates move strengthens all of the muscles of the powerhouse Yoga poses with partner the abs, chest, and upper and lower back. Sit with your legs a wide V with your hands on top of the ball. Roll the ball towards one foot, keeping both hips on floor. Return to the center. Roll the ball to your other foot. Do this 5 times on each side.
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