TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE

After reading this chapter, you should be able to: List the essential nutrients and describe the functions they perform in the body. Describe the guidelines that have been developed to help people choose a healthy diet, avoid nutritional deficiencies, and reduce their risk of diet-related chronic diseases.

Describe nutritional guidelines for vegetarians and special population groups.

Explain how to use food labels and other consumer tools to make informed choices about foods.

Create a personal food plan based on affordable foods that you enjoy and that will promote wellness, today and in the future.

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE

After reading this chapter, you should be able to: List the essential nutrients and describe the functions they perform in the body. Describe the guidelines that have been developed to help people choose a healthy diet, avoid nutritional deficiencies, and reduce their risk of diet-related chronic diseases.

Describe nutritional guidelines for vegetarians and special population groups.

Explain how to use food labels and other consumer tools to make informed choices about foods.

Create a personal food plan based on affordable foods that you enjoy and that will promote wellness, today and in the future.

1. It is recommended that all adults consume one serving each of fruits and vegetables every day. True or false?

2. Candy is the leading source of added sugars in the American diet. True or false?

3. Which of the following is not a whole grain?

a. brown rice

b. wheat flour

c. popcorn

See answers on the next page.

In your lifetime, you will spend about six years eating about 70,000 meals and 60 tons of food. What you eat affects your energy level, well-being, and overall health. Your nutritional habits help determine your risk of major chronic diseases, including heart disease, cancer, stroke, and diabetes. Choosing foods that provide the nutrients you need while limiting the substances linked to disease should be an important part of your daily life.

Choosing a healthy diet is a two-part process. First, you have to know which nutrients you need and in what amounts. Second, you have to translate those requirements into a diet consisting of foods you like that are available, affordable, and fit into your lifestyle. Once you know what constitutes a healthy diet for you, you can adjust your current diet to bring it into line with your goals.

This chapter explains the basic principles of nutrition. It introduces the six classes of essential nutrients, explaining their role in the functioning of the body. It also provides guidelines that you can use to design a healthy eating plan. Finally, it offers practical tools and advice to help you apply the guidelines to your life.

Answers (Test Your Knowledge)

1. False. For someone consuming 2000 calories per day, 2V cups of vegetables and 2 cups of fruit are recommended daily.

2. False. Regular (nondiet) sodas are the leading source of added sugars. Together with energy drinks and sports drinks, they account for 36% of the added sugars in the American diet, and added sugars contribute an average of 16% of the total calories in American diets. Each 12-ounce soda supplies about 10 teaspoons of sugar, or nearly 10% of the calories in a 2000-calorie diet.

3. b. Unless labeled “whole wheat,” wheat flour is processed to remove the bran and germ and is not a whole grain.

1. It is recommended that all adults consume one serving each of fruits and vegetables every day. True or false?

2. Candy is the leading source of added sugars in the American diet. True or false?

3. Which of the following is not a whole grain?

a. brown rice

b. wheat flour

c. popcorn

See answers on the next page.

In your lifetime, you will spend about six years eating about 70,000 meals and 60 tons of food. What you eat affects your energy level, well-being, and overall health. Your nutritional habits help determine your risk of major chronic diseases, including heart disease, cancer, stroke, and diabetes. Choosing foods that provide the nutrients you need while limiting the substances linked to disease should be an important part of your daily life.

Choosing a healthy diet is a two-part process. First, you have to know which nutrients you need and in what amounts. Second, you have to translate those requirements into a diet consisting of foods you like that are available, affordable, and fit into your lifestyle. Once you know what constitutes a healthy diet for you, you can adjust your current diet to bring it into line with your goals.

This chapter explains the basic principles of nutrition. It introduces the six classes of essential nutrients, explaining their role in the functioning of the body. It also provides guidelines that you can use to design a healthy eating plan. Finally, it offers practical tools and advice to help you apply the guidelines to your life.

Answers (Test Your Knowledge)

1. False. For someone consuming 2000 calories per day, 2V cups of vegetables and 2 cups of fruit are recommended daily.

2. False. Regular (nondiet) sodas are the leading source of added sugars. Together with energy drinks and sports drinks, they account for 36% of the added sugars in the American diet, and added sugars contribute an average of 16% of the total calories in American diets. Each 12-ounce soda supplies about 10 teaspoons of sugar, or nearly 10% of the calories in a 2000-calorie diet.

3. b. Unless labeled “whole wheat,” wheat flour is processed to remove the bran and germ and is not a whole grain.

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